Common Size Balance Sheet to Make Income Statement

Common size analysis expresses each line item on a single year’s financial statement as a percentage of some base amount. On balance sheets, the base value is usually total assets; on income statements, it is net sales or revenues.

Common size statements can be useful for financial managers and investors to see how a firm’s capital structure compares to its rivals. They can also help spot trends that may not be apparent in a standard financial statement.

Also read: Classified Balance Sheet for Breakdown Assets


A common size balance sheet is an accounting document that shows a company’s assets, liabilities and shareholders’ equity for a certain period. This document can be helpful in analyzing the financial health of a company and identifying potential risks or opportunities.

Assets on the common size balance sheet include inventory, cash, and other non-cash items such as depreciation. These items are analyzed using a formula that compares their amounts to percentages of a base figure. In the example below, inventory is 12% of total assets and cash is 5%.

The most obvious benefit of the common size balance sheet is that it helps business owners to visualize changes in their financial performance over time. This can be useful for making strategic decisions about where to allocate resources and how to grow their business.

Another major benefit is that it helps investors to make informed investment decisions. The ability to spot drastic changes over several years can help investors determine whether a given company is a good buy or not.

In fact, a large decline in profits or an increase in the value of assets could be a sign that a company is doing something right or has made the smart move. Similarly, a large decrease in cash or an increase in the amount of depreciation can indicate that the company is in the process of making a big change.


The common size balance sheet shows the amount of assets that a company owns compared to the liabilities owed to the business. This can help you assess whether a business is financially healthy or not.

Liabilities include any obligations the business must pay within a year or more, including accounts payable, notes payable, short-term loans and accrued expenses. Long-term liabilities include capital leases, deferred compensation and bank loans with terms longer than a year.

Typically, a business is considered a going concern when its assets are greater than its liabilities. However, when the assets are less than the liabilities, this can be an indication of financial trouble.

A common size analysis of a balance sheet is an excellent tool for comparing a business’s finances with other businesses in the same industry. It can also be used to see if any significant changes have occurred in the way a company manages its finances over time.

For example, a business could notice that it has a higher percentage of costs compared to revenues over time. This might lead management to look at ways it can lower its expenses or increase revenues.

Shareholders’ Equity

A common size balance sheet reveals what a company owns (assets) and owes (liabilities). It also reflects the amount of owners’ equity on the balance sheet. Shareholders’ equity represents the residual value of a business’ assets minus its liabilities. It is the sum of a company’s retained earnings and additional paid-in capital.

In general, shareholders’ equity is a key measure of a business’s financial strength and liquidity. It is derived by subtracting total liabilities from total assets and can be used to calculate financial ratios, such as the debt-to-equity ratio and return on equity.

Typically, the shareholder’s equity subtotal on the balance sheet is located in the bottom half of the statement. It shows how much money is available to the company’s stockholders after paying out all of its debts and other liabilities.

Shareholders’ equity can be increased and decreased by income earned during the year, by the issuance of new shares and by dividend payments. It can also be decreased by losses and by share repurchases.

Commonly, shareholders’ equity includes the value of common stock and additional paid-in capital, which is money that shareholders/owners have invested in a company through the issuance of shares. It also includes retained earnings and unrealized gains and losses, which are changes in the value of a business’s investment portfolio.

Net Income

A common size balance sheet is an accounting balance sheet that shows each line item as a percentage of total assets. This makes it easier to compare your business to others and see how they are performing year over year. It also helps you identify trends that management can take action on.

The main purpose of the common size financial statement is to facilitate comparisons of companies in different industries and time periods. This allows investors and finance managers to make predictions about future revenues, and determine the health of the company’s core operating areas. It also provides a way to measure the performance of the business over multiple years and make decisions about its growth.

This technique is useful for analyzing the financial statements of companies of different sizes and in the same industry, as well as to determine the costs of goods sold and other expenses. It also lets you identify specific strategies that a company is using to gain an edge over other comparable companies.

For example, a clothing company has a common size income statement that shows it spent 10% of its total revenue on advertising in 2017. It also listed other essential expenses such as research and development and selling and general expenses.

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